SpringBoard Recovery is a drug and alcohol rehab center in Arizona, and we offer sober recovery housing in order to help our clients successfully recover from addiction.
We have earned many years of full accreditation from the Joint Commission, who expect the highest national standards for addiction treatment, and we are committed to continually improving patient care.
We accept most major health insurance coverage, and clients travel from all over the U.S. to receive their personalized treatment with us, with many staying in our on-site, substance-free “Recovery Housing” accommodation.
In this article, we’ll look at everything you need to know about sober living, and provide you with information on our own Recovery Housing option.
What is Sober Living?
Sober Living describes homes specifically for people in substance addiction recovery who want or need to live in substance-free accommodation.
A sober living home provides an alternative, practical option for recovering drug addicts or alcoholics who have recently left the 24/7 care of a residential / inpatient rehab facility and want to avoid the potential triggers to relapse they may find back in their previous home.
“Any premises, place or building that provides alcohol-free or drug-free housing.”
In this way, a sober living home acts as a “stepping stone” for those in recovery.
For many people in recovery, living in a sober living home after their addiction treatment has ended can make a huge difference for them – between staying on this new, sober path or returning to the exact same environment where they were addicted.
However, it should be noted that “Sober Living” is only one option in a range of options for all types of “Recovery Housing” – a term which encompasses all types of recovery residences.
This follows the creation of a U.S. national standard in the U.S. for these properties by the National Association of Recovery Residences (NARR) [more detail on this later].
Sober Living: The Legal Requirement
In some U.S. states, it is a necessary legal requirement for sober living homes to be licensed by the relevant state authorities. However, unfortunately, this is not the case in every state.
Here in Arizona, to be officially classified by the state as a “Sober Living Home,” the owner has to apply for Special Licensing from the Arizona Department of Health Services (ASDHS), which sets out the minimum standards and requirements for the property.
Legal Definition of a Sober Living Home under Arizona State Law:
In Arizona, the relevant state regulation – A.R.S. §36-2061(3) – legally defines a sober living home as:
“Any premises, place or building that provides alcohol-free or drug-free housing and that:
- a) Promotes independent living and life skills development.
- b) May provide activities that are directed primarily toward recovery from substance use disorders.
- c) Provides a supervised setting to a group of unrelated individuals who are recovering from substance use disorders.
- d) Does not provide any medical or clinical services or medication administration on-site, except for verification of abstinence.”
Sober Living: Safe, Structured & Substance-Free
For those people who are just beginning their journey towards a substance-free life, either from drugs or alcohol, time spent living in sober living accommodation contributes positively to their chances of a successful recovery.
Sober living homes should be seen as a healthy supplement to the professional treatment they have either received or are in the process of receiving.
For many, it is a clear alternative to going from an “immersive care environment” like a residential rehab straight back into a totally unstructured environment at home – mostly likely where their substance use and abuse actually began.
In a number of medical studies and analysis [more on this later], sober living homes have been proven to actively reduce the chance of addiction relapse.
Furthermore, sober living homes return recovering addicts back into a “normal” life, but with an important safety net should problems arise.
During time spent in a sober living home, residents can take positive steps forward towards their new life by:
- Adjusting to sober living in a less structured environment than treatment
- Locating suitable housing after treatment
- Finding a job, and
- Making amends with friends and family members affected by their substance abuse
What Should I Expect Living in a Sober Living Home?
Like all places to live, there are advantages and disadvantages, and sober living homes are no different.
Let’s look at the positive reasons and the benefits of choosing a sober living home to live in immediately after your treatment has finished:
1. Increased Independence
When people receive their addiction treatment in an inpatient setting, they are fully immersed in their rehab program, with strong restrictions on what they can do and where they can go.
In a sober living home, a recovering addict’s independence is not fully returned, but it is drastically increased. They are not bound to the limits of the property, and they are free to come and go as they please, within reason.
If they want to, they can return to their previous work or study, or apply for a new job or enroll in a new course.
In this way, recovering addicts are able to slowly ease themselves back into normal life – free of drug or alcohol use.
However, there are several restrictions (house rules and regulations) that must be abided by.
All of this newfound freedom does come with a certain sense of structure, as their primary purpose is to act as “transitional housing” post-treatment.
For example, many sober living environments follow the 12-Step program, and residents are encouraged to attend local meetings together or to accommodate a meeting onsite. In fact, this attendance may even be a set rule of living in the home.
Each sober living home will actually have its own set of rules and regulations [more details later] to help its residents stay on track. One is regular drug testing, a condition of being able to continue to live in the home.
Living in a sober living home also provides the newly recovering with continued accountability – both on a personal and communal level. Additionally, compliance with the rules and regulations of the sober living home encourages this accountability.
4. Residents’ Rules & Regulations
Rules and regulations are there to:
- Support each resident’s recovery process
- Keep residents safe
- Help residents develop sober habits and build sober lifestyles
Here are some common house rules that most sober living homes require, in one form or another:
- Strictly no drugs or alcohol are allowed on the premises – exceptions may be made for specific prescription medications, such as antidepressants
- Residents must pay their appropriate expenses – rent and management fee – to live in the home
- Residents must participate in compulsory household activities, eg. weekly 12-Step meetings and regular chores
- Residents must have completed detox and rehabilitation, and they should have a plan to go to therapy or 12-Step meetings at least once per week
- Residents must sleep at the sober living house at least 5 nights per week, with very few exceptions for extended travel
- Residents must participate in randomized drug and alcohol screenings
- Residents are solely accountable for their whereabouts when they are not on the property
- Residents must adhere to the house’s set curfew time
- Residents are not allowed to have overnight guests
- Residents must respect other housemates and home staff
- Residents are normally not allowed to have pets; however, they may be allowed with the prior permission of the home’s management
As long as a resident follows all the rules and fully abides by all the regulations, they usually may live in the home for as long as they want.
The Potential Disadvantages of Sober Living
For many, the advantages of sober living [described above] are enough for most people to choose this optional supplement to their recovery. However, it should be noted there are several disadvantages to choosing sober living.
For example, the cost of recovery housing can be a significant factor for many in early recovery. In fact, sober living can well turn out more expensive than simply returning to independent living.
Sober living fees, however, do include:
- House management
- Regular drug / alcohol testing
- Other costs associated with operating a sober, substance-free environment
Sober Living, Recovery Housing & Halfway Houses
There are many different casual phrases and terms used to describe the concept of “Sober Living,” such as “Recovery Housing” and “Halfway Houses.”
In fact, it is the term “Recovery Housing” that is clinically used to describe all properties that promote and assist with sober lifestyles, including those that refer to themselves as Sober Living because they have been approved for a state license to operate such a home.
According to an official national housing resource supplied by the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the term Recovery Housing “can range along a continuum of four non-linear levels described by the National Association of Recovery Residences (NARR).”
In 2011, the NARR established a U.S. national standard for recovery residences, which was last updated in 2018.
Prior to this, the term “halfway house” had been commonly used to describe these types of recovery housing.
When the NARR established their national standards, they drew on various existing intelligence sources, including the Association of Halfway House & Alcoholism Programs, which was founded way back in the 1960s.
The distinct levels (meaning “levels of support”) established by NARR are:
||Peer-run establishments, eg. an Oxford House*|
||Monitored sober living homes|
||Supervised recovery housing|
||Residential treatment / therapeutic community housing|
*An Oxford House describes a democratically run, self-supporting drug-free home. Parallel to this concept lies the organizational structure of Oxford House, Inc. – a publicly supported, non-profit 501(c)3 organization.
Regardless of the type of housing, all programs normally require readings and attendance at Narcotics Anonymous or Alcoholics Anonymous meetings.
Each of these “levels” is defined and described in the table below:
|Recovery Housing: NARR Best Practices & Suggested Guidelines|
|NARR Level||Typical Resident||On-Site Staffing||Governance||On-Site Support|
(eg. Oxford Houses)
|Self-identifies as in recovery, some long-term, with peer community accountability||No on-site paid staff, peer to peer support||Democratically run||On-site peer support and off-site mutual support groups and, as needed, outside clinical services|
(eg. sober living homes)
Stable recovery but wish to have a more structured, peer-accountable and supportive living environment
|Resident house manager(s) often compensated by free or reduced fees||Residents participate in governance in concert with staff / recovery residence operator||Community house meetings, peer recovery supports inc. “buddy systems,” outside mutual support groups and clinical services are available and encouraged|
|Level III||Those who wish to have a moderately structured daily schedule and life skills supports||Paid house manager, administrative support, certified peer recovery support service provider||Resident participation varies; senior residents participate in residence management decisions; depending on the state, may be licensed; peer recovery support staff are supervised||Community house meetings, peer recovery supports inc. “buddy systems.” Linked with mutual support groups and clinical services in the community, peer or professional life skills training on-site, peer recovery support services|
(eg. therapeutic community)
|Require clinical oversight or monitoring, stays in these settings are typically briefer than in other levels||Paid, licensed / credentialed staff and administrative support||Resident participation varies, organization authority hierarchy, clinical supervision||On-site clinical services, on-site mutual support group meetings, life skills training, peer recovery support services|
As you can see, even though there are broad similarities between all of them, they are important differences, too.
If you needed clear and factual proof that Arizona needs more recovery housing, sadly, here it is:
Drug & Alcohol Abuse in Arizona: Facts & Stats
The stay-at-home orders issued by Arizona’s city mayors to limit the spread of COVID-19, such as Tucson Mayor Romero’s Proclamation at the end of March, 2020, may have saved many from the virus.
However, for the residents of Tucson, Phoenix, Flagstaff and all other Arizonans, it did little to protect them from the impending drug overdose crisis that would sweep across the state, just like the rest of the U.S.
The coronavirus pandemic and the resulting lockdowns brought social isolation, job losses, school closures, and severe disruption to substance addiction treatment and support groups.
Arizona patients stopped attending their addiction treatment facilities, and, later, not all of those actually in treatment successfully made the transition to telehealth.
Even recovery support groups, like AA and NA, were forced to stop their in-person meetings.
The result? An undeniable surge in drug use, experimentation, addiction, relapse, and accidental death in the cities of Arizona, their suburbs, throughout the Navajo Nation and other reservations, and beyond.
And all of this in a worsening border landscape of illicit drug trafficking.
Arizona Drug Overdoses Linked to Fentanyl
In the state of Arizona as a whole, according to drug overdose data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, there were over 2,700 overdose deaths in the 12 months preceding this March, 2021 – a whole year on from the first state stay-at-home orders caused by the coronavirus pandemic.
In other words, on average, 7 Arizona residents died every day – not from the coronavirus – but from a drug overdose.
The vast majority of those deaths were attributable to new and highly potent synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl.
In recent years, counterfeit tablets containing fentanyl have undoubtedly become the most critical issue for parents, teachers, local authorities, and the emergency services in the state of Arizona.
In fact, it was recently announced that the leading cause of accidental death among Tucson and Pima County teenagers had changed from motor vehicle accidents to fentanyl overdose, caused by these fake pills.
The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) recently published a national public health alert – “One Pill Can Kill” – about the risks and dangers of the counterfeit tablets, which include fake versions of OxyContin, Xanax, and Adderall.
Counterfeit Prescription Tablets: Oxycodone (known as “M30”s)
However, other substances, such as illicit drugs like methamphetamine (meth) and cocaine, alcohol, marijuana, and real prescription medications are still being abused as before, and, sadly, still creating their own cases of addiction and accidental death here in Arizona.
According to the “Arizona 2018 Statewide Substance Use Prevention Needs Assessment”:
- The counties experiencing the most severe consequences of substance use in Arizona are Gila County, Navajo County, Mohave County, and Pima County
- The normalization of marijuana and other substances may be leading to an increase in other substance use
- State-wide efforts to combat the opioid crisis in Arizona are increasing street drug use
- LGBTQ identified individuals experience significantly more risks, consequences, and issues with substance use and/or misuse, as compared to non-LGBTQ identified individuals
- Increasing numbers of Arizonans from all demographics are suffering from untreated mental health issues, a primary cause of substance use and/or misuse
Additionally, among Arizonans aged 12 and older:
- 50.9% reported they currently use alcohol on a regular basis
- 22.6% reported regular episodes of binge-drinking
- 12.2% reported using any type of illicit drug
- 7.4% reported using marijuana recreationally
- 2.1% reported using cocaine within the last year
- 0.5% reported using heroin at least once within the last year
Sober Living & Other Recovery Housing in Arizona
According to the SAMHSA’s drug and alcohol treatment locator tool, there are 26 facilities in the state of Arizona that offer one or more of these options: “transitional housing, halfway house and sober home.”
These 26 facilities include ourselves, SpringBoard Recovery, as we have on-site Recovery Housing [more on our Recovery Housing later in this article].
For the most part and unsurprisingly, most of the 26 facilities are centered around the cities of Phoenix and Tucson.
As we mentioned initially, the state of Arizona has a license program for official Sober Living homes. However, as we have learned, Sober Living homes are just one type of Recovery Housing.
Finding A Sober Living Home
Many people in recovery find it helpful to their sobriety to move into an environment with a readily available support system.
To find more providers of Recovery Housing, you need to either access the Arizona Recovery Housing Association website: https://myazrha.org/ or speak directly with an addiction treatment provider.
The Arizona Recovery Housing Association (AzRHA) is a statewide organization of Sober Home and Halfway House providers that have proved to provide quality residential recovery services.
AzRHA has members and certified Sober Homes represented in cities from Yuma to Flagstaff, with the majority centered in metropolitan centers such as Phoenix and Tucson.
Many state-run and private treatment facilities for substance addiction in Arizona, along with the Department of Corrections and the Parole Office for recently released offenders, work closely with AzRHA.
Clinical Proof: Does Sober Living Really Work?
According to an analytical research study entitled “What Did We Learn from Our Study on Sober Living Houses and Where Do We Go from Here?,” published in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs in December, 2010, people who enter recovery housing typically have:
- Decreased rates of substance use
- Decreased rates of incarceration, and
- Increased rates of employment.
These analyses compared those who entered recovery housing – specifically, Oxford Houses (Level I on the NARR’s scale) – with those who returned directly to their respective communities after their addiction treatment program had ended.
Additionally, a related report, “Recovery Housing in the State of Ohio: Findings and Recommendations from an Environmental Scan,” published in 2013 by The Ohio Council of Behavioral Health and Family Services Providers and the Center for Social Innovation, found similar recovery outcomes.
Using other existing research studies, the Ohio report also found:
- Positive Effects of Recovery Housing on Children & Families
- One study of the Oxford House model (a peer-run, Level I home) found that although 87% of women living in Oxford Houses had children, 50% had lost custody as a result of their substance use.
However, 2 years after entering the home, over 30% had regained custody of their children compared to 12.8% of women in the control group.
- Another study found that in recovery housing where children were allowed to live in the residence, a positive effect was reported for residents on both substance use and recovery measures, and
- One study of the Oxford House model (a peer-run, Level I home) found that although 87% of women living in Oxford Houses had children, 50% had lost custody as a result of their substance use.
- Positive Effects of Recovery Housing on Children & Families
Child residents had a positive impact on recovery for both mothers and non-mothers residing in the homes.
- Finally, a study of men living in peer-run residences where children were present had the highest rates of long-term recovery, compared to men in peer-run homes without children
IMPORTANT: Many of these positive outcomes have been attributed to the increased responsibility all residents feel when children are present in the homes.
- Cost Savings
- Following substance abuse treatment, the average net benefit of residency in a peer-run recovery home, compared to returning to one’s original community, is $29,000 per person when the cost of substance use, illegal activity, and incarceration were factored in.
Experience Recovery Housing with SpringBoard Recovery
At SpringBoard Recovery, we value the many benefits of Recovery Housing, and what they can bring to someone in the early stages of recovery from substance addiction.
Many people in the early stages of recovery struggle to keep commitments and follow through on the actions needed for recovery. This is why we built our own Recovery Housing option.
Recovery Housing at SpringBoard Recovery
Scottsdale (near Phoenix), Arizona
Our Recovery Housing provides the needed context and support through:
- Scheduled programming, including:
- Morning meditation
- 12-Step meetings
- Daily responsibilities
- Individual & group accountability
- Professional house manager
- Personal goal setting and weekly progress meetings
- Excellent on-site amenities, and
- House rules and regulations, including random drug screening
At SpringBoard Recovery, we believe that your home is your sanctuary.
As such, we provide our guests with interior design and decor centered on both comfort as well as instilling a sense of peace and calm.
From luxury linens and towels to the state of the art entertainment, we leave no detail unaddressed.
Additionally, our facilities and amenities include:
- Swimming Pool
- Yoga Studio
- Gourmet Kitchen
- Coffee Service
- Deluxe Outdoor Grill
- Extensive Programming
- Professional House Manager
- Spacious, Upscale Residence
The Purpose of Our Recovery Housing at SpringBoard Recovery
In the early stages of rehabilitation, it can be very difficult for many people to fully commit to their recovery while living in their regular home environment.
At SpringBoard Recovery, we offer a unique model that combines our intensive outpatient treatment program and Recovery Housing. Our Recovery Housing option provides a structured, supportive, and stable environment, free from the usual stressors, triggers, and temptations that can lead to relapse.
At SpringBoard Recovery, we believe a personalized approach to recovery is important as each individual is different and what may work for one person might not work for another.
This is why an individualized treatment plan is created to guide each patient that comes through the door.
The 12 Step program is used at our treatment facility as it is a system that has been proven to work.
A combination of cognitive and behavioral therapy, group therapy, and treatment of any underlying issues, is used to create the best course of action for a person trying to overcome their addiction.
What Happens After Drug & Alcohol Addiction Treatment?
Some of the most important steps of recovery are taken after treatment is completed. At SpringBoard Recovery, we strive to provide our patients with the tools that they need to re-enter the real world and remain sober for the long term.
However, for some people, going back to their previous life could be detrimental to their sobriety or may simply not be possible depending on their circumstances.
Sober living homes can then provide the perfect solution.
Sober Living & Recovery Housing Works
At SpringBoard Recovery, we have found that recovery housing, such as a sober living home, after leaving rehab is often the best choice for some people in early recovery.
A home with a permanent drug-and-alcohol-free environment can help recovering addicts return to living more responsibly.
After completing an intensive outpatient treatment program at SpringBoard Recovery, recovering drug or alcohol addicts that have to return to live in an unsafe or unsupportive environment put their sobriety at severe risk.
This can make their future recovery difficult or simply not possible.
Additionally, the value of recovering addicts supporting each other has long been recognized as having some of the greatest benefits when it comes to achieving and maintaining long-term sobriety.
At SpringBoard Recovery, we truly believe that one of the ways to ensure that rehab treatment is successful is to ensure a person has a sober living-type environment to move on to once they leave our facility.
Sober Living: FAQs
1. What is Sober Living?
“Sober Living” homes are a type of “Recovery Housing,” designed for people who are in early recovery to ensure they live in a substance-free environment, devoid of the presence of any drugs or alcohol.
“Recovery Housing” - a term which encompasses all types of recovery residences - is subject to a U.S. national standard in the U.S. for these properties, established by the National Association of Recovery Residences (NARR).
By this standard, Sober Living homes are classed as Level II, which means they have a resident house manager who runs the home. Residents are allowed to be involved in house decisions in tandem with both the house manager and the residence operating company.
2. Who Benefits From Living in a Sober Living Home?
Before entering a sober living home, it is highly recommended for you to go through a rehab program first. This will help you through withdrawal, and provide you with the intensive therapy you need, both in individual and group settings.
Once that is completed, you may want to consider sober living if you:
- Have a long history of relapsing.
- Currently live with people who drink alcohol or use drugs regularly.
- Fear of going back to using if you continue to stay in the same living situation.
- Are working on finding a new place to live, but you need something in the interim.
- Have legal issues that require you to stay clean and sober.
- Are homeless and need a healthy place to restart your life.
For many people in recovery, sober living serves as an excellent way to transition back into their normal, everyday lives.
3. Can You Bring Someone to Live With You at a Sober Living Home?
A great question, and there is no one right answer to it. When most people go to sober living homes, they normally go on their own.
If the recovering addict is married, living with someone else, or has children, it is generally not allowed for them to come as well. This is mainly to protect the privacy of the other residents, and to maintain a culture of recovery within the home.
However, that said, there are some sober living homes that do allow single parents to live there with their children. These types of homes can be a great option for parents who need additional support as they care for their families.
4. How Do You Know If Sober Living is Right for You?
If you have finished an inpatient or outpatient program, or you are about to, you are undoubtedly considering your options going forward. Perhaps you are enrolled in an intensive outpatient program, but your living situation remains up in the air.
You may want to consider a sober living home. A sober living home may be the best option for you if you:
- Have already gone through rehab and detox.
- Have already spent some time being sober prior to moving into the home.
- No longer have any withdrawal symptoms.
- Are willing to comply with the rules of the house.
- Have a way to support yourself, including paying your own bills.
So many people have sober living homes to thank for their success in addiction recovery. It is a wonderful option for those who need it because it can truly set them up for long-term success.
5. What Happens After Sober Living?
Once a person’s sober living home stay is coming to a close, it is important for them to remain recovery-minded. By that time, they will have learned so much about what it means to stay clean and sober, and what is required for them to reach their recovery goals.
After staying in sober living homes, many people go on to rent their own apartments or even buy houses for themselves and their families. They are generally encouraged not to return to their former homes if they were previously living with people who used drugs and alcohol.
Instead, they can get help to find new places to live where they can continue to live drug and alcohol-free.
As far as treatment goes, ongoing therapy or a mutual aid support group of some description is an absolute must for a person who is leaving a sober living home.
Many residents participate in intensive outpatient programs, and they may wish to continue for a period of time afterward.
6. Can Sober Living Homes Offer On-Site Addiction Treatment?
No. Most sober living homes request a person to have gone through some kind of addiction treatment before they move in to live at the home.
Many people will still go do outpatient therapy sessions while living in a sober living home, but they are responsible for securing their own treatment.
7. Is Living in a Sober Living Home More Expensive?
There is no set cost to live in a sober living home, but residents do have to pay rent and a house management fee to live there.
Most states allow a maximum of 10 residents to live in a sober living home, so this would have an effect on the rent each of them pays.
8. Does Health Insurance Cover the Cost of Sober Living?
No. Health insurance only covers the cost of addiction treatment. Residents of sober living homes are expected to be financially independent.
9. Do People Have to Attend Rehab Before Moving into a Sober Living Home?
No. Most sober living homes do not put restrictions on who can apply to live in their houses, but most residents have gone through a substance abuse rehab program. This makes the most sense considering the biggest rule for a sober living house is that the residents must stay sober.
10. How Long Can a Person Stay at a Sober Living Home?
Someone who is a resident of a sober living home can normally stay as long as they need to. The goal is to help them feel like they can successfully live on their own without going back to their addiction.
There is no required length of stay, but it is recommended that they stay for at least 30 days. The longer a person stays, the less likely they are to relapse.
11. What Happens If Someone Relapses While Staying at a Sober Living Home?
Every Arizona sober living home has its own set of rules and consequences that will apply if those rules are broken.
Some of them may have a process in place that will allow a relapsing individual to remain there as long as they get back on track.
They may need to increase how much time they spend in treatment or have drug testing done more often, for example. But other homes may not be quite as lenient.
Some sober living homes may have a zero tolerance policy for any drug and alcohol use whatsoever. Unfortunately, the relapsing individual may be forced to leave the home and find a different place to live.
- National Association of Recovery Residences (NARR). Homepage. 2021. Available at NARROnline.org.
- Arizona Department of Health Services (AZDHS). Sober Living Homes – Licensing Factsheet. June 2019. Available at AzDHS.gov.
- Arizona Department of Health Services (AZDHS). Special Licensing – Sober Living Homes. 2021. Available at AzDHS.gov.
- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Affording House Models & Recovery. October 2021. Available at SAMHSA.gov.
- National Association of Recovery Residences (NARR). Recovery Residence Quality Standards. *Updated. Available at NARROnline.org.
- Oxford House, Inc. The Purpose & Structure of Oxford House. 2021. Available at OxfordHouse.org.
- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Recovery Housing: Best Practices & Suggested Guidelines. October 2021. Available at SAMHSA.gov.
- Tucson, Arizona: Mayor’s Office: Mayor Regina Romero. Proclamation – March, 27, 2020. March 2020. Available at TucsonAz.gov.
- U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Provisional Drug Overdose Death Counts. 2021. Available at CDC.gov.
- Arizona Health Core Cost Containment System. Arizona 2018 Statewide Substance Use Prevention Needs Assessment. September 2018. Available at AzCCCS.gov.
- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Find Treatment. 2021. Available at SAMHSA.gov.
- Arizona Recovery Housing Association (AzRHA). Homepage. 2021. Available at MyAzRHA.org/
- U.S. National Library of Medicine. What Did We Learn from Our Study on Sober Living Houses, and Where Do We Go from Here? March 2011. Available at NLM.NIH.gov.
- Ohio Department of Mental Health (ODMH) and the Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services (ODADAS). Recovery Housing in the State of Ohio: Findings and Recommendations from an Environmental Scan. June 2013. Available at NEOMed.edu.