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Table of Contents
- What is Roxanol?
- What is a Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) High Like?
- Combining Roxanol With Other Substances
- Can Someone Overdose on Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate)?
- Opioid Use Statistics in the United States
- Roxanol Withdrawal Symptoms
- Roxanol Addiction Treatment Options
- Therapy Style Options for Roxanol Addiction
- More Information About Roxanol Recovery Options
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What is Roxanol?
Roxanol (morphine oral concentrate) is an opioid pain reliever. This is a very strong drug with dangerous side effects. It should only be used for severe chronic pain. Roxanol should not be used for occasional pain like an over-the-counter pain reliever.
Roxanol comes as a liquid to take by mouth. Patients or someone giving the drug to the patient need to make sure they are giving the correct amount. It is possible to mix up the milligrams of morphine and the milliliters of solution. If the numbers are mixed up it could cause an overdose, possibly leading to death.
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What is a Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) High Like?
Morphine is made from opium, which occurs naturally in some plants. Most morphine is made from opium poppy plants. Morphine affects different receptors in the nervous system. Some receptors that morphine affects cause people to not feel pain. Other receptors affected can cause:
- Drowsiness and mental clouding
- respiratory depression- slowed or shallow breathing
- delusions and hallucinations
- Other than making someone feel high, the are other side effects of using Roxanol:
- Fever or chills
- Sore throat
- Pain when urinating
- Burning, numbness, itchiness, or tingling feeling
- Swelling in arms or legs
- Feeling tired or weak
- Severe constipation
- Stomach pain
- Dizziness or passing out
- Chest pain or fast heartbeat
- Feeling confused
- Blurred vision
Combining Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) With Other Substances
Every doctor a patient is seeing needs to know about each medication the patient is using. They also need to know about any supplements, herbal products, or illegal drugs a patient is using. Serious medical problems can happen when some medications and drugs are used at the same time. If a patient sees multiple doctors for different issues, it is very easy for drug interactions to happen.
Roxanol has many possible interactions. Drugs.com lists 113 major drug interactions with Roxanol. Moderate interactions are possible with 301 other drugs. Roxanol should not be combined with central nervous system depressants, it can cause an increase in the possibility of slowed breathing and comas. Alcohol should be avoided for the same reasons.
There is another serious possible complication when taking Roxanol. Combining Roxanol with drugs for depression, migraine headaches, or Parkinson’s disease can cause serotonin syndrome. Serotonin syndrome happens when there is too much serotonin in the body. When a patient is taking more than one medication that results in high serotonin levels it is dangerous, it could also lead to death.
Can Someone Overdose on Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate)?
It is easy to overdose on Roxanol. This can easily happen if the dosage is misread and too much is given. If a patient is giving it to themselves and they use it too often they can overdose. Combining Roxanol with other drugs can also cause an overdose. Signs of a Roxanol (morphine) overdose include:
- Bluish fingernails and lips
- Difficulty breathing, shallow breathing, no breathing
- Pinpoint pupils
- Nausea and vomiting
- Spasms of the intestines or stomach
Opioid Use Statistics in the United States
Roxanol is a prescription opioid. Again even though it is a prescription from a doctor it can still be very addictive and dangerous. Almost 500,000 people have died from opioid overdoses from 1999-2019. This number includes prescription opioids and illegal opioids.
According to the CDC, overdoses have happened in three waves since the 1990s. The first wave began in the 1990s. Many prescriptions were written for opioid pain relievers, and there were many accidental overdoses.
The second wave started in 2010. There was a significant increase in overdose deaths from heroin. The third wave came along quickly, starting in 2013. This overdose spike came from synthetic opioids like fentanyl.
Opioid overdose deaths from prescriptions in 2019 were over 14,000. Opioid overdose deaths of any type were 49,860 for 2019. This was a significant increase from 2018. Opioid overdose deaths in 2018 were 46,802.
Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) Withdrawal Symptoms
Roxanol misuse by patients can happen if they are using the medication more often than the doctor orders. This misuse after a while can turn into an addiction. When a person has been using an opioid drug for a long time their brain has become used to it. When they stop using, they will have withdrawal symptoms. Opioid withdrawal symptoms are similar for each type of opioid, including a prescription like Roxanol. Withdrawal symptoms include:
- Increased heart rate
- Aching muscles
- Anxiety or agitation
- Stomach pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills
Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) Addiction Treatment Options
If someone has an addiction to an opioid, they may consider going through a detox program to help manage withdrawal symptoms. Some detox programs can use medications to help make the withdrawal symptoms less severe. Detox is only the first step to recovery, much more work needs to be done to end an addiction permanently.
Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) Treatment Program Options
Patients recovering from any kind of addiction have to change their behavior patterns, so they do not start using the drug again. Patients should talk to a professional to figure out which treatment options will work best for their situation. Types of treatment programs include:
Therapy Style Options for Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) Addiction
Within the various types of rehab programs, there are also different kinds of therapy available. This is not a comprehensive list, there are several other kinds of therapy someone can benefit from.
More Information About Roxanol (Morphine Oral Concentrate) Recovery Options
- Roxane laboratories, Inc: https://docs.boehringer-ingelheim.com/Prescribing%20Information/PIs/Roxanol/Roxanol.pdf
- Pharmacy Times: https://www.pharmacytimes.com/view/2004-02-7662
- Department of Justice / Drug Enforcement Administration: https://www.dea.gov/sites/default/files/2020-06/Morphine-2020_2.pdf
- Medicine Net: https://www.medicinenet.com/dangers_of_mixing_medications/views.htm
- Drugs.com: https://www.drugs.com/drug-interactions/morphine,roxanol.html
- MedlinePlus: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007272.htm
- MedlinePlus: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002502.htm
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/opioids/data/analysis-resources.html
- Medical News Today: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326223
- National Library of Medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10106610/
- Alcoholics Anonymous: https://www.aa.org/
- Narcotics Anonymous: https://www.na.org/