SpringBoard Recovery is a drug and alcohol rehab center located in Scottsdale (just outside Phoenix), Arizona, and we offer an accredited addiction treatment program, helping our clients successfully recover from a range of substance addictions.

We have earned many years of full accreditation from the Joint Commission, who expect the highest national standards for addiction treatment, and we are committed to continually improving patient care.

We accept most major health insurance coverage, and clients travel from all over the U.S. to receive their personalized treatment with us, with many staying in our on-site, substance-free Recovery Housing accommodation.

If you or a loved one is addicted to any type of drug, including opioid-based prescription medications, it may be necessary to seek professional help in order to overcome this addiction. 

Our dedicated and professional staff at SpringBoard Recovery, located in Scottsdale, part of metro Phoenix,  will be happy to discuss your drug addiction with you, and help you to form a plan that is right for your needs.



One phone call can set you on the road to recovery & help you get your life back on track

The Importance of Drug and Alcohol Detox

Drug or alcohol addiction – medically known as substance use disorder (SUD) – is a complex illness which affects the sufferer both physically and psychologically.

Before any addiction treatment can begin, however, it is vital that the physical dependence is drastically reduced, and any remaining toxins are removed from the body.

What is Detox (or Detoxification) in Terms of Substance Addiction Treatment?

A detox or detoxification (as part of the treatment for substance addiction) is the process of managing an individual’s health as they go through the process of drug or alcohol addiction withdrawal.

Additionally, it includes the safe removal of any remaining toxins in the body that were created by the substance abuse.

By halting the use of drugs or alcohol, the individual will undergo the clinical process of withdrawal, where the body reacts to the sudden lack of the substance on which it has become physically and psychologically dependent.

IMPORTANT: The withdrawal from certain substances, such as opioids, benzodiazepines, and alcohol, can result in moderate to severe symptoms, and some of these are potentially life-threatening.

Therefore, it is critical that anyone considering a drug or alcohol detox should get professional advice from either their family physician or a professionally qualified addiction specialist as to the best way for them to undergo the withdrawal process.

For many, this may involve a medically supervised or managed detox, which takes place in a medical facility and where trained medical staff are on hand:

  • To ensure the patient’s ongoing safety
  • To constantly monitor and manage the patient’s health, and
  • To administer specific prescription medicines to relieve the most severe symptoms and to treat any other physical reactions to the withdrawal.
Phoenix area drug use. People aged 12 or older. Binge drinking. 23 Percent reported having participated in binge drinking at least once in the last month. Marijuana use. 10.7 Percent of people used marijuana at some point in the past year. Illicit drugs. 16 Percent of the population used an illicit drug in the past year. Painkillers use. 6.1 Percent of people reported having used prescription painkillers for nonmedical reasons in the past year

Detox in Phoenix

Detox, the common name for the process of detoxification, ensures that all harmful toxins, ie. the original addictive substances and any additional substances created by the presence of these addictive substances in the body, are naturally and safely eliminated from the individual. Additionally, detox is the first step in any drug rehab or addiction treatment program for the majority of substance use disorders – here in Phoenix, or anywhere else.

The state of Arizona statistics. For people ages 12 and older, 50.9 percent said that they currently use alcohol on a regular basis, 22.6 percent said that they regularly participate in binge drinking, 12.2 percent reported using any type of illicit drug, 7.4 percent admitted to using marijuana recreationally, and 2.1 percent said that they had used cocaine within the last year

Why Do Addicts Need to Detox First?

The reason for detox is a simple, but extremely necessary one. Halting substance use abruptly will usually result in users experiencing a range of withdrawal symptoms, and potentially, some of these can be dangerous enough to prove fatal. The severity and duration of any withdrawal symptoms, however, depend on the following factors:

  • What substance was being abused?
  • How long did the abuse last?
  • How much of the substance was consumed during daily use?

Many substances have mild withdrawal symptoms, with little risk to the individual who is detoxing. However, certain drugs, such as benzodiazepines and alcohol, can result in a severe or life-threatening withdrawal. In these cases, it is essential that the individual’s detox is being professionally and medically supervised, and those attending can immediately prescribe medications to lessen the impact of symptoms or to deal with any resulting medical emergency.

Some drugs that require detox are some types of opioids, alcohol and prescription stimulants
Some drugs that require detox are some types of opioids, alcohol and prescription stimulants

Detox Center Near Me

As we mentioned previously, there are 43 facilities that offer substance detox in Maricopa County. To break this down even further, within a 15 mile radius of Phoenix, there are 32 facilities, and of these:

  • 12 are facilities offering a hospital inpatient detox service (one of these is further classified as a residential rehab), and
  • 20 are facilities offering a outpatient detox service*

*Please remember that a medically-assisted detox is normally 24/7, regardless of the type of program

Important: For reasons of patient safety, it is highly recommended that individuals who have been using illicit drugs like opioids, benzodiazepines, and stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine, alcohol, or who have a history of long-term substance abuse are medically detoxed in a professional, accredited addiction treatment facility.

Undergoing an inpatient treatment program, often termed as “drug rehab,” will normally include, as standard, a medically-supervised detox as the initial part of the program. In the case of opioid replacement therapy (where a “substitute” opioid such as methadone is prescribed), this is considered the continuation of a long-term detox process, and normally involves scheduled attendance at an outpatient facility. 

Furthermore, a professional detox should also concentrate on improving patient nutrition and, later, the patient’s fitness levels through exercise, as the preferred holistic approach to early recovery.

Detox. Addresses the physical side of addiction and is the first step in the recovery process. It works by removing dangerous toxins from the body. Quitting alcohol and drugs can cause very uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Rehab. Once detox is complete, patients can begin rehab. Rehab deals with the psychological aspect of addiction. Patients begin to understand and address the root cause of their addiction

Drug Rehab Treatment in Phoenix

As we saw earlier with the SAMHSA’s online “treatment locator” tool, there are numerous addiction treatment options available to Phoenix residents who want to seek professional help for their drug use – currently 166, to be precise. However, regardless of your preferred choice of drug treatment, whichever program you choose should be based upon recognized evidence-based treatments, which include (as a minimum):

  • Drug Detoxification / Detox
  • Regular Individual Counseling Sessions
  • Group Therapy & Support
  • Relapse Prevention

Please be guided in your choice by your family physician or professional addiction experts, as they will consider certain factors that you may not, such as:

  • Your drug of choice
  • Your history of drug use
  • Your personal circumstances, and
  • Any previous attempts to stop your drug use

For many people seeking addiction recovery, cost may well prove to be a critical factor in the final decision, but you should always try to find the treatment program that gives you the very best chance of a successful recovery.

These are the main drug rehab treatment options available here in metro Phoenix, and their respective benefits and disadvantages:


Getting and staying sober is very challenging, but with the right support network and tools, it’s completely attainable.

1. Inpatient Program (IP)

Known as “residential rehab” because patients will be living 24/7 at the facility, an inpatient program (IP) is recommended for those with severe or long-term substance addictions, and for those who have co-occurring disorder, also known as dual diagnosis, meaning that they also suffer with a mental health disorder.

Being resident within a drug rehab offering continuous care helps enormously in focusing individuals on the task in hand – to stop their drug use, to learn how to live substance-free, and to get healthy. IPs can either be short or long term, anywhere between 28 days to a whole year and beyond, and often lead to a continuation in treatment, such as an outpatient program (OP).

What Should People Look for When Choosing a Phoenix Addiction Treatment Facility?

Although there are so many different options available in Phoenix for inpatient rehab, not all facilities are the same. There can be major differences between public and private programs, and people need to know how to find a treatment center that will offer them the best care.

The following are some of the top characteristics to look for when making the decision to go to rehab in Phoenix:

  • Find a program that is in-network with the patient’s health insurance plan. So many people do not even consider going to rehab because they think they cannot afford it. They may not realize that their insurance plan will pay for it, at least in part. At SpringBoard Recovery, we always verify insurance coverage so we can inform our clients about what they can expect financially.
  • Choose an addiction treatment center that is accredited by The Joint Commission. This ensures that the patient is getting the best possible care because of the high standards necessary for accreditation.
  • Opt for a private rehab instead of a public one. While there are some good public rehab programs in Phoenix, many of them have too many patients. A smaller, private treatment program offers patients more time with staff.
  • Find a rehabilitation center that offers detox services or referrals.
  • Choose a facility that has excellent reviews on Google, Facebook and Yelp. It can be helpful to hear from others who have gone there.

Advantages of IP (Residential Rehab)

Disadvantages of IP (Residential Rehab)

  • Highest success rate of all programs
  • Expensive without health insurance
  • Structured day and 24/7 care
  • Rigid daily structure / programming
  • Complete focus on recovery
  • Separated from home, family, and friends
  • Removal of any relapse triggers / outside influences
  • Unable to work / continue with obligations, eg. childcare or academic study
  • Individual counseling
  • Limited access to the outside world
  • Group support / community of peers
  • Evidence-based addiction therapies

2. Partial-Hospitalization Program (PHP)

Partial-hospitalization programs, intensive outpatient programs, and outpatient programs are, fundamentally, outpatient programs, only differentiated by their level of intensity, which in practical terms means the number of hours per week that the individual needs to be in a position to receive their treatment.

Partial-hospitalization programs (PHP), an addiction treatment program that is offered right here at SpringBoard Recovery, is basically one step down from a 24/7 residential rehab, providing a highly-structured environment for up to 6-8 hours a day, as patients continue to reside either at home or in sober-living housing – secure, drug-free accommodation also offered here at SpringBoard Recovery.

PHPs allow clients transitioning from an IP or a detox program to move into a more flexible program that still offers a high level of structure and support.

3. Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)

Intensive outpatient programs (IOPs) are addiction treatment programs that do not require detoxification (although this may have happened prior to the IOP starting) or round-the-clock medical supervision. IOPs enable patients to continue with their normal, day-to-day lives in a way that residential IPs do not; however, they do require individuals to undergo treatment for more hours per day or week than a traditional outpatient program (OP).

IOPs are sometimes used in conjunction with inpatient programs as a way of helping clients to transition seamlessly back into their families and communities, while maintaining the treatment process; for example, to continue counseling, to help establish support mechanisms, to assist with relapse management, and to provide further coping strategies, if needed.

Drug treatment consists of assessment, treatment planning, one on one counseling, group counseling, therapeutic activities, nutritional counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy and case management
Drug treatment consists of assessment, treatment planning, one on one counseling, group counseling, therapeutic activities, nutritional counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy and case management

4. Outpatient Program (OP)

Outpatient programs (OPs) involve a regular appointment schedule, spread throughout the week, and usually provide specific therapies, counseling, or group sessions. Because these appointments are spread out, there is a certain amount of flexibility for patients, eg. the allocation of evening and weekend appointments. This allows OP patients to continue with their family obligations, such as childcare, or to continue their work or academic studies.

Traditional OPs typically cost significantly less than an IP, because the level of support is less intensive. However, this means their overall success rate is lower than a full-time residential rehab. Additionally, if it is required, a medically-assisted detox can take place prior to the start of the OP.

Advantages: OP (Outpatient Program)

Disadvantages: OP (Outpatient Program)

  • Structured yet more flexible appointments
  • Less focus on recovery
  • Able to work / continue with obligations, eg. childcare or academic study
  • Same environment as previously / numerous triggers to relapse
  • Covered or inexpensive with good health insurance
  • Less successful when compared to residential rehab (IP)
  • Good success rate
  • Individual counseling
  • Group support / community of peers
  • Evidence-based addiction therapies

5. Alternative Types of Addiction Treatment in Arizona, inc. Free Rehabs

According to a study published on June 29, 2021, in the National Health Statistics Reports, a CDC publication, in 2019, 33.0 million (10.2%, or around 1 in 10) people of all ages were uninsured – this figure includes 32.5 million (12.0%) persons under age 65 years. With so many U.S. residents without any health insurance coverage whatsoever, the need for “free addiction rehab” – whether in Phoenix or in any other major city – is extremely high.

However, it is possible to go to rehab in Phoenix and elsewhere without having to pay any costs whatsoever. Additionally, people who qualify for Medicaid may be eligible for government rehabilitation programs that will be financially covered in full, and there are also grants available through the SAMHSA that are designed to cover the cost of some types of treatment – again, in full.

Additionally (and this applies to anywhere in the U.S., too), you may be able to access state-funded addiction treatment programs – in short, free drug rehab. Here in Arizona, there are a number of these addiction treatment centers (71, to be exact – see below). 

Furthermore, the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) also provides the following resources:

  • The OARLine: Opioid Assistance + Referral Line was launched in March 2018 in partnership with Arizona’s Poison and Drug Information Centers. The OARLine (1-888-688-4222) is available for health care clinicians to call for free consultation on patients with complex pain or opioid use disorder, provides information and referrals to the public, and conducts follow-up with people experiencing overdoses
  • Substanceabuse.az.gov – houses Arizona prevention, treatment, and recovery resources
  • Arizona Substance Abuse Prevention Resource Hub
  • Information on AHCCCS 24/7 locations providing opioid treatment services
  • Dump the Drugs AZ provides locations to safely dispose of unneeded medications

Free Rehab / Addiction Services in Phoenix & Maricopa County

Again, according to the SAMHSA’s online “treatment locator” tool, there are 71 recognized facilities providing adult drug and/or alcohol addiction treatment that accept state-financed health plans / grants as payment in Maricopa County. You will need to speak to the Arizona Department of Health Services for the latest information on these.

12-Step & Other Mutual Aid Programs in Phoenix & Maricopa County

Support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) are another option for people in need of addiction help. Additionally, there are Self Management And Recovery Training (SMART) mutual-support groups, self-termed as “science-based, self-empowered addiction recovery.”

Salt River Intergroup: In Phoenix, those who participate in the 12-Step program of either AA or NA are literally spoilt for choice when it comes to the times and the locations of local group meetings – for example, just take a look at the Phoenix AA’s schedule for meetings on any given day to see why. Additionally, the AA in Phoenix has formed its own “central group” called the Salt River Intergroup of AA (as many large urban areas do because of their size), covering the areas of both Phoenix and Scottsdale, which publishes its own newsletter around addiction issues in the city.

However, although free, if either of these is your starting point, your “addiction” or issue should be relatively minor in nature, and certainly not requiring any medical assistance whatsoever, eg. detox, MAT, etc., unless you are using these support groups as part of an overall treatment plan.


Our treatment programs are custom tailored to your specific needs. One phone call is all it takes to start your recovery from drug & alcohol dependency

Your health insurance plan may cover your recovery at SpringBoard. Verifying your insurance is quick and easy!

Does Health Insurance Cover Drug Rehab Costs in Arizona?

As we mentioned earlier, many people will put off going to rehab because of the costs involved. However, with health insurance, they already have benefits to at least help cover the costs of addiction treatment. The Affordable Care Act, which was passed in 2010, made it a requirement for everyone in the United States to have health insurance.

But it also did so much more.

Health insurance providers are now bound by law to cover the primary costs of treatment for substance use disorders (SUD). Here’s why:

  • The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act, 2008 stipulates that insurance companies cannot discriminate against or deny coverage to individuals with an SUD.
  • In addition to this, the Affordable Care Act, 2010 classified mental health and addiction services as essential health benefits.

Furthermore, if you are concerned about losing your employment because you’re taking time-off to attend addiction treatment, you can relax, too, because there are laws in place to allow you time for treatment and to protect you from any discrimination.

Specifically, various Acts all work together to protect you and your employment status should you wish to seek treatment while remaining actively employed:

How Can I Pay for Drug Rehab in Arizona Without Health Insurance?

Even though paying for drug rehab in Arizona isn’t possible for the majority of people without the significant assistance of health insurance, it, obviously, is still possible for some. The vast number of these have the necessary resources, but a small number still manage to do it using other approaches. For example:

  • Being loaned the money from a loved one
  • Taking out a personal loan to help pay for addiction treatment
  • Using money from a savings account to pay for rehab
  • Charging the cost of treatment to a credit card
  • Talking with someone at the local Department of Social Services about programs that might be available
  • Checking with community centers in their area for information about rehab scholarship programs

Phoenix Drug Rehab: Your FAQs

  1. Can Drug or Alcohol Addiction be Cured?

Drug addiction is a chronic disease, which makes it similar to other types of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. All of these diseases are very treatable, but the actual condition cannot be cured. Instead, they will require lifelong treatment.

  1. Going “Cold Turkey” - Can I Detox Off Drugs at Home?

There are many types of mild drugs where use can be stopped at home, known commonly as going “cold turkey,” without any serious consequences, eg. marijuana. However, there are several types of drugs that definitely do require detox - a professional medically-assisted detox - simply because abruptly stopping their use can be dangerous, and can even be fatal. These drugs include:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Illicit stimulants like methamphetamine and cocaine
  • Alcohol
  • Opioid drugs, such as heroin and prescription painkillers, eg. Oxycontin

Important: It is extremely important that you consult your family physician or an addiction specialist first before attempting a home detox.

  1. What Should I Expect When I Go to Drug Rehab in Arizona?

When you attend drug rehab, your experience will vary based on the type of program you are in. However, you should expect several things from your treatment program, including:

  • To have access to medical treatment and medical professionals
  • To be treated like an individual with your own needs
  • To participate in many different types of therapy, including group and individual sessions
  • To be treated for both the physical and psychological aspects of the addiction
  1. How Do I Know If I Have a Co-Occurring Disorder?

A co-occurring disorder is a mental health condition, like anxiety or depression that simultaneously accompanies a drug addiction. Many people attending drug rehab have previously undiagnosed mental health disorders.

Co-occurring disorders should always be treated alongside the drug addictions, providing a much better chance of long-term recovery. Anyone with a diagnosed co-occurring disorder should strongly consider going to a professional drug rehab that offers the necessary dual diagnosis treatment.

  1. What are the Best Treatments for Drug Addiction in Arizona?

There really is no one “best way” to treat a drug addiction. People respond differently to all types of treatment, depending on what their individual needs. The majority of drug addiction experts agree that several forms of behavioral therapy (and medications, if required) are the best way to treat a drug addiction.

  1. How are Behavioral Therapies Used to Treat Drug Addiction?

Behavioral therapies are vital for the treatment of drug addiction. According to the NIDA, they:

  • Help people to change their attitudes about their drug use
  • Help them change their substance abuse behaviors
  • Teach them how to establish and improve upon their healthy life skills
  • Allow them to access other forms of treatment, such as medications
  • Provide various treatment options to patients in a number of different settings
  1. How are Medications Used in Drug Addiction Treatment?

Medications are often used during the detox phase to address any complications with withdrawal symptoms - in fact, around 80% of detoxes do require some form of medication. Additionally, they can also be used in opioid replacement therapy, to control drug cravings (and help prevent relapses), and to treat mental health disorders.

  1. Should I Consider Traveling to Arizona to Attend Drug Rehab?

Many people prefer to attend their addiction treatment away from home, in another place, either a city in the same U.S. state, or a city in another state all together, like Phoenix. There are a number of significant benefits to this approach, such as:

  • Removing all potentially disruptive influences, relapse triggers, and negative situations from your treatment
  • Fully immerse yourself in the rehab experience and be able to concentrate 24/7 on your addiction recovery
  • Many people comment that drug rehab in another state is more like a vacation
  • Living in a stress-free environment
  1. What are the Benefits of 12-Step Programs?

12-Step programs are highly effective mutual aid support groups, and they provide many benefits to those who attend their meetings on a regular basis, including:

  • Being able to continue your recovery with the help and support of peers
  • Being able to process and progress through each step of the recovery journey
  • Forming new, healthier habits that assist in avoiding relapse
  • Better long-term mental health

Are You Ready for Drug Rehab in Phoenix?

If you or a loved one is addicted to any type of drug, including opioid-based prescription medications, it may be necessary to seek professional help in order to overcome this addiction. Our dedicated and professional staff at SpringBoard Recovery, located in Scottsdale, part of metro Phoenix,  will be happy to discuss your drug addiction with you, and help you to form a plan that is right for your needs.

Recovery from drug addiction is a real challenge, but it is possible. We understand this, which is why we approach each of our patient’s individually to ensure that they get the help that they need, which includes providing you with the strategies, resources and help once you have completed your treatment program at our facility.

External Sources:

  1. City of Phoenix. Phoenix City Hall website. 2021. Available at Phoenix.gov.
  2. National Center for Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). CHS Data Brief / No. 394: “Drug Overdose Deaths in the United States, 1999–2019.” December, 2020. Available at DrugsAndAlcohol.ie.pdf
  3. National Center for Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Provisional Drug Overdose Death Counts. June, 2021. Available at CDC.gov.
  4. Arizona State Senate: Fact Sheet for S.B. 1486. February, 2021. Available at  AZLeg.gov.pdf.
  5. Huffington Post. Article: “The Kidnapping Capital of America and a Thriving Drug Trade.” December, 2017. Available at HuffPost.com.
  6. National Center for Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). NCHS Data Brief / No. 406: “Co-involvement of Opioids in Drug Overdose Deaths Involving Cocaine and Psychostimulants.” April, 2021. Available at CDC.gov.pdf.
  7. U.S. National Library of Medicine: Carfentanil (Compound Summary). 2021. Available at NLM.NIH.gov.
  8. U.S. National Library of Medicine: p-Fluorofentanyl (Compound Summary). 2021. Available at NLM.NIH.gov.
  9. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): National Survey on Drug Use & Health. The NSDUH Report – Metro Brief: “Substance Use and Mental Disorders in the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale MSA.” No definitive date provided. Available at SAMHSA.gov.pdf.
  10. Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System: “Arizona 2018 Statewide Substance Use Prevention Needs Assessment.” September, 2018. Available at ACAHCCCS.gov.
  11. National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA): Arizona: Opioid-Involved Deaths and Related Harms. April, 2020. Available at DrugAbuse.gov.
  12. Arizona Department of Health Services. Opioid Data Dashboard. July, 2021. Available at AZDHS.gov.
  13. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): Treatment Locator Tool. 2021. Available at FindTreatment.SAMHSA.gov
  14. National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA): Prescription Opioids and Heroin Research Report: “Prescription Opioid Use is a Risk Factor for Heroin Use.” January, 2018. Available at DrugAbuse.gov.
  15. U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Initiation into prescription opioid misuse amongst young injection drug users.” January, 2012. Available at NLM.NIH.gov.
  16. U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Prescribing Opioid Replacement Therapy in U.S. Correctional Settings.” December, 2017. Available at NLM.NIH.gov.
  17. National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA): Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition) – “Evidence-Based Approaches to Drug Addiction Treatment.” January, 2018. Available at DrugAbuse.gov.
  18. U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Substance Abuse Intensive Outpatient Programs: Assessing the Evidence.” June, 2015. Available at NLM.NIH.gov.
  19. National Center for Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Health Statistics Reports / No. 159: “Demographic Variation in Health Insurance Coverage: United States, 2019.” CDC.gov.pdf.
  20. Arizona Department of Health Services: OARLine: Opioid Assistance & Referral Line webpage. 2020. Available at PhoenixMed.Arizona.edu.
  21. Arizona Governor Doug Ducey: Governor’s Office of Youth, Faith and Family –  Substance Abuse Prevention webpage. June, 2021. Available at SubstanceAbuse.AZ.gov.
  22. Arizona Governor Doug Ducey: Governor’s Office of Youth, Faith and Family – Prevention & Early Intervention webpage. June, 2021. Available at AZPreventionResource.com.
  23. Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System: Accessing & Locating Treatment webpage. 2021. Available at ACAHCCCS.gov.
  24. Arizona Department of Health Services: Dump the Drugs AZ webpage. 2021. Available at AZDHS.gov.
  25. Arizona Department of Health Services. Injury Prevention – Substance Abuse Data. July, 2021. Available at AZDHS.gov.
  26. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): Home webpage. 2021. Available at AA.org.
  27. Narcotics Anonymous (NA): Home webpage. 2021. Available at NA.org.
  28. Salt River Intergroup of Alcoholics Anonymous. AA Meetings schedule. July, 2021. Available at AAPhoenix.org.
  29. Salt River Intergroup of Alcoholics Anonymous website. July, 2021. Available at AAPhoenix.org.
  30. National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). Trends & Statistics webpage. 2021.  Available at DrugAbuse.gov.
  31. U.S. National Archives: “TRICARE: Mental Health & Substance Abuse Treatment.” September, 2016. Available at FederalRegister.gov.
  32. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid: Affordable Care Act (ACA). 2021. Available at HealthCare.gov.
  33. U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid: Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA). 2021. Available at CMS.gov.
  34. American With Disabilities: Home webpage. 2021. Available at ADA.gov.
  35. U.S. Department of Labor: Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA). 2021. Available at DOL.gov.
  36. National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). Drug Facts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction. January, 2019. Available at DrugAbuse.gov.