Oxycodone addiction treatment is available in the state of Arizona. Oxycodone is a prescription pain relief medication in the opioid class of drugs. The brand name of the drug is Oxycontin made by Perdue Pharma, it is for severe pain that needs twenty-four-hour management. Even if someone is taking it as prescribed, they can become addicted.
Oxycodone works by attaching to opioid receptor proteins in the brain changing the way the nervous system reacts to pain. It is a federally controlled substance. Over time a person can build up a tolerance to the effects and this could lead to misuse of the drug.
How Does a Person Become Addicted to Oxycodone?
Oxycodone is used for severe pain; this has a huge impact on a person’s daily life. It is usually prescribed after surgery or for specific health conditions. Lots of people may not realize they can become addicted to something their doctor gives them. Many people who start oxycodone have a legitimate reason to use it, they are not using it for recreation purposes. Once a tolerance builds up if they start using more and more to get the pain relief they are moving into addiction.
Drug Use Disorders in Arizona
When someone is misusing a drug there is the possibility of overdose. A drug overdose happens when more substance enters the body than it can break down, creating a toxic state. When the body is in a toxic state damage can happen to organs and if a person does not get help quickly overdoses can be fatal. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirms that emergency departments treated 967,615 cases of a non-fatal drug overdose in the United States in 2017. Out of that number 9,547 cases occurred in Arizona.
Drug overdose deaths totaled at 67,367 in 2018 for the United States. In Arizona, there were 1,670 drug overdose deaths in 2018. The National Institute on Drug Abuse states that 2018 data showed that 128 people died every day from opioid overdoses in the United States.
Symptoms of Oxycodone Addiction
Many prescription drugs have side effects. When someone is misusing oxycodone the side effects can be increased, they may experience:
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Abnormal thoughts
How to Tell if Someone Else has an Oxycodone Addiction
If someone who is addicted to oxycodone can hide the physical symptoms, there are still some behaviors that may be detected.
- They have developed a tolerance to the dosage they are taking and begin to take more than prescribed
- Having withdrawal symptoms when they miss a dose or try to reduce the amount, they are taking
- They cannot stop taking oxycodone even though they are aware it is causing physical problems or psychological issues
- Using is causing problems with family, friends, or at work or school
- They can not cut back use even if they want to
- They spend a lot of time trying to get oxycodone or going from doctor to doctor for more
- They take prescriptions to different pharmacies to be filled
- Lack of interest in hobbies they once enjoyed
- Withdrawing from family and friends
- Their priorities seem to have changed
Oxycodone Rehab and Detox in Arizona
There is help for oxycodone addiction. It will take a lot of work, but it is possible to recover. The very first thing to do is to get through a detox program. Detoxification occurs when substance use is stopped and what is left inside the body is processed out. This should not be done without assistance or cold turkey. Detoxing from opioids can have some serious withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms may include:
- Excessive sweating
- Muscle aches
- Eyes tearing up
- Excessive yawning
- Rapid heartbeat
- Abdominal cramping
- High blood pressure
- Blurry vision, dilated pupils
There are different types of detox available, it is a good idea to talk with a medical professional to find the best option for each individual.
Holistic detox– Holistic detox is a more natural approach to detoxification. This method puts together nutritional therapy, exercise programs, emotional support, and sometimes spiritual support. It can be completely individualized.
Medical detox- Medical detox happens under the supervision of medical professionals. This provides a safe place to go through withdrawal. It also means that if medication is needed for serious symptoms it will be available.
Medication assisted treatment– Medication assisted treatment or MAT combines FDA-approved medications and behavioral therapy. This can be the best choice for opioid addiction detox. The FDA-approved medications remove the withdrawal symptoms allowing the person to focus on behavioral therapy. There are several FDA medications that can be used for opioid detox:
Many people start to feel much better physically once they get through the detox process, but again that is only the first step. To break free from addiction a person needs to conquer the psychological symptoms of addiction as well. This happens through different types of therapy.
Types of Rehab Centers in Arizona
Once the detox portion of recovery is complete the focus can move to the individualized therapy needs of each person. There is a wide range of rehab options available. It is important to find the best fit for each person.
At an inpatient program, the patient lives at the facility for the duration of treatment. This is usually 28 days. This can vary based on individual needs and some people may stay longer. Patients are assigned a room, take all their meals inside the facility and all therapy sessions occur in the same building.
Outpatient rehab allows for more flexible treatment options. This is good for people who have family or job obligations and can not go to an inpatient program. It is also an option for those who have strong support systems at home. There are several types of outpatient rehab programs.
Types of Outpatient Rehab Facilities in Arizona
Partial Hospitalization Programs
A partial hospitalization program (PHP) can be a good choice for those who have done inpatient therapy but still need a significant amount of support to stay on course. This can also be called a day treatment program. These programs usually meet five or more days a week for several hours a day. The most effective programs use at least twenty hours-worth of programs. This is a good option for someone who does not need full-time supervision but may have a co-occurring disorder.
Intensive Outpatient Programs
An intensive outpatient program (IOP) is ideal for someone who has daytime obligations but needs more than once a week therapy sessions. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for several hours at a time. The primary format is group therapy. This allows for making connections, usually, the groups are of similar people, for example, mothers of young children or men’s groups. This is a good way to learn from other people’s experiences and build useful skills.
Sober Living Homes
Sober living homes are not the same as an inpatient rehab program. People live there but they can leave the building when they want during the day to attend classes or go to a job. There are rules that need to be followed and no drugs or alcohol are allowed in the house. Sober living homes are a good transition place for those coming out of inpatient rehab and are nervous about rejoining society right away.
Traditional Outpatient Rehab
This is the least restrictive form of outpatient drug and alcohol treatment. It typically involves working with a therapist during one-on-one sessions. Some therapists may also offer support groups, or clients may be encouraged to attend AA or NA meetings. Clients may see their therapist as often as three times per week; especially when their treatment is just beginning.
Types of Therapy Offered During Rehab in Arizona
There are varying types of therapy available to those in addiction recovery in Arizona. People can work with the type they think fits their needs best or try a couple of different kinds.
Motivational Enhancement Therapy– Motivational enhancement therapy (MET) is a rapid counseling approach to engage people in their treatment to stop drug use. The goal is increasing internal motivation and building coping strategies.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy– Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage stressful moments and/or strong emotions in a healthy way. DBT was started to help those with borderline personality disorder but is also useful for substance use disorders. DBT includes one on one therapy, group therapy, and when needed coaching over the phone.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is very practical and people can see immediate results. CBT focuses on thought patterns, reshaping negative thoughts and replacing them with healthy thoughts. This also improves communication and situational skills This therapy requires lots of homework but is well worth the effort.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a co-occurring disorder?
A co-occurring disorder is when a person suffers from substance use disorder and another mental health issue at the same time. The best course of action is to treat both at the same time. Common co-occurring disorders can include:
- PTSD– Post-traumatic stress disorder can be the result of different types of stressful events that happen to a person. This can include domestic abuse, war, a natural disaster, or even a traffic accident. Symptoms can vary from person to person, and they may self-medicate by using alcohol or misusing medications.
- Depression– this is more than just feeling sad for a little while. This is a serious long term hopeless feeling. Depression can cause low energy, cause problems at work and in a person’s social and family life.
- Borderline personality disorder– Someone with borderline personality disorder has a distorted view of themselves can be viewed by others as manipulative, highly dependent, and overly dramatic. These behaviors are how they cope with pain and negative emotions.
- Eating Disorders– there are several types of eating disorders and they can create nutritional problems in the body. Combined with substance use disorder, an eating disorder could be fatal.
Anorexia nervosa- people with anorexia nervosa participate in extreme exercise and calorie restriction often because they believe they are overweight when they are not. Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of mental disorders; it often ends in death due to starvation complications or suicide.
Bulimia nervosa- people with bulimia nervosa frequently binge eat large amounts of food and then use laxatives or forced vomiting to compensate for the amount eaten. People with this disorder may be slightly underweight, average, or overweight.
- Anxiety– an all-consuming nervousness that does not go away. There are different types of anxiety disorders including, general anxiety disorder, phobia related disorders, and panic disorder.
- ADHD– A childhood disorder that can persist into adulthood. Symptoms include being easily distracted, inability to focus, hyper, and impulsive decision making.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder– OCD is characterized by obsessive thoughts that move into anxiety which then leads to compulsive behaviors to try to get rid of the thoughts.
Will Health Insurance Cover Rehab in Arizona?
Yes, insurance is required to cover rehab due to the Affordable Care Act. Out of pocket costs can vary based on the type of rehab and each policy is different. Out of network programs will have a higher cost than In-network programs. In-network programs already have contracts with the treatment provider.
What is a Relapse?
A relapse is when someone starts using drugs or alcohol again. This can be triggered by going to a place where the person used in the past, or by spending time with people they may have used with before. Strong emotions can be hard to deal with and may lead someone to seek out comfortable behavior like substance use.